For biodiversity, hedges and bushes are essential, as they are a source of food and a retreat as well as breeding location for numerous species. However, for the sense of security at night it would be best if they were replaced by lower and more easily visible shrubs or beds.
(Re-) locating hedges and bushes further away from the paths. In consequence, they can still support biodiversity, but are no longer creating a “dark wall” next to the path and therefore a space of fear. To avoid barren areas between the paths and the hedges, perennials, beds, or trees can be used similarly to the picture above, as they are not as intimidating in the dark as hedges.